Francis Joseph, German FRANZ JOSEPH I° (b. Aug. 18, 1830, Schloss Schönbrunn, near Vienna; d. Nov. 21, 1916, Schloss Schönbrunn), emperor of Austria (1848-1916) and king of Hungary (1867-1916), who divided his empire into the Dual Monarchy, in which Austria and Hungary coexisted as equal partners. In 1879 he formed an alliance with Prussian-led Germany, and in 1914 his ultimatum to Serbia led Austria and Germany into World War I.
Oil Painting of Ludwig Koch 1925, Kaiserjägermuseum Innsbruck
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